Continuous Glucose Monitoring: changing the landscape of diabetes mellitus
The human body is made up of many different organs that each have a very important role in keeping us healthy. Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the pancreas and the ability for it to properly regulate insulin production and/or release. There is no cure for diabetes, but there are ways to help the body compensate for the lack of insulin production or regulation. Lifestyle changes can make a major difference and these include exercise, a healthy diet, and staying educated on the condition. Additionally, many patients have to take oral diabetes medications, injectable agents, or insulin. Along with this, patients need to check their blood sugars routinely and do so via fingerstick. Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) are devices that allow digital blood glucose readings and ultimately fewer finger sticks. Constant monitoring can help patients see the change in their daily glucose readings and help them make changes to keep their sugars in a good range. While CGMs are very helpful for patients with diabetes, they are used by less than 50% of diabetic patients. The reasons behind this can widely vary, but lack of provider and patient education, lack of access to the devices, and cost may be deterrents in the process of patients using a CGM.